Research shows that many Russian women want to leave Russia because women are not treated well in Russia. More specifically, men and women are not equal in that country. Do you know that domestic violence is legal in Russia? Shocking but true.

  • Men and women in western countries are relatively equal.

Even though many Russian women have decided to move to western countries, it doesn’t necessarily mean men and women are definitely equal in western society. A study in Australia shows that the gender pay gap is still real even in Australia.

A credible tool to measure the gender pay gap:

The organization can specifically measure whether there is a gender pay gap in their organization or not by using the gender pay gap calculator offered by the Workplace Gender Equality Agency. This is a credible tool due to the following reasons.

Firstly, the gender pay gap calculator was developed by the Workplace Gender Equality Agency, an Australian Government statutory agency which improves and promotes workplace gender equality. Moreover, the Workplace Gender Equality Agency administers the Workplace Gender Equality Act 2012 as well. Therefore, this agency is very reliable and its gender pay gap calculator has been approved by senior experts in the industry (Workplace Gender Equality Agency 2018).

Secondly, the gender pay gap calculator is suitable for most organizations, including this accounting firm. According to Minter Ellison (2018), an international law firm which is headquartered in Australia and considered one of the Asia-Pacific’s premier law firms, a line by line review of payroll data can be utilized if the organization is small; however, if a more comprehensive investigation is required, the gender pay gap calculator is recommended. Clearly, since Sunil has already hired my consultancy firm to investigate this issue, this accounting firm obviously expects a comprehensive investigation that can indicate accurate findings and results.

Thirdly, the gender pay gap calculator evaluates key organizational variables, thereby precisely generating the real gender pay gap, if there is any. Workplace Gender Equality Agency (2018) states that the gender pay gap calculator assists an organization to identify gender representation gaps in the entire firm. Furthermore, the gender pay gap calculator can also find out the actual gender pay differentials by level as well as the relative gender gay gaps by level. In addition, the gender pay gap calculator allows the practitioner to conduct further analysis by assessing variables like tenure, performance, remuneration composition and state location. As a result, this calculator is a trustworthy tool.

Finally, using the gender pay gap calculator means receiving sufficient support from the Workplace Gender Equality Agency. By using this tool, the practitioner can also access a technical guide which explains how to use the gender pay gap calculator correctly (Workplace Gender Equality Agency 2018). Besides, extra resources such as how to convert the data and how to generate relevant reports are included, too. The Workplace Gender Equality Agency also explains specific features of the calculator in detail.

If a gender pay gap is found, the practitioner should communicate the findings of the investigation to Sunil who will inform the CEO of the results. Then the leadership team can take action accordingly. Nevertheless, continuous review of payroll data is also required. According to Minter Ellison (2018), a reputable law firm in Australia, conducting a gender pay gap analysis should be a regular occurrence. Otherwise, it would not be effective because a one-off investigation cannot ensure open communication regarding this issue. In other words, progress on closing the gender pay gap should be maintained at all times.

  • Many Russian women are working in the tourism and hospitality industry in Australia.

This section introduces the topic of risks and crises faced by tourism and hospitality industries in Australia, establishes the context with detailed risk analysis and evaluation, provides key insights with relevant rationale which explains why financial risk, internal risk and other issues need to be addressed appropriately. Then strategic crisis management is offered as well, including crisis prevention through diversification, cooperation, Employee Assistance Programs and training as well as instruments of crisis management such as product development, indirect distribution, communication and content marketing.

In an organizational context, risk refers to the potential to lose something of value. According to Kiyosaki (1997), a business has assets and liabilities: assets are things that bring money to the business; liabilities are things that take money away from the business. When it comes to risk, usually the potential to lose assets is what must be carefully considered.

Because running a business inevitably involves risk & the Australian tourism and hospitality industry certainly faces certain risk that needs to be addressed, it is very important to understand risk assessment, risk management, risk identification, risk analysis, risk evaluation and different types of risk in this context.

Although there is no universally agreed upon definition of a crisis, oftentimes to some degree, ‘a crisis is a situation where the root cause of an event is self-inflicted through such issues as inept management practices or structures or a failure to adjust the business according to the change’. Usually, crises are often subject to influence from managerial decisions in a business context. In other words, a crisis is more about the internal conditions of a business – how the situation is managed and handled is paramount.

Clearly, vulnerability of the tourism industry to crises should not be ignored. In fact, the Australian tourism and hospitality industry faces specific crises. For example, tourists’ behavior is unpredictable; many tourists have language barriers because they probably do not speak English; many tourists’ first response is to go home instead of dealing with the problems that should be addressed; areas of natural beauty even have greater danger & risk and Australia has many areas of natural beauty. All of these may cause negative impacts of crises on tourism and hospitality industry in Australia. For instance, tourism attractions may be negatively affected; the image of a tourism destination can be damaged; some employees might lose their jobs.

Therefore, it is clear that the study of risks and crises is very essential to effective management of Australian tourism and hospitality industry nowadays.

“Women from Russia are hardworking and honest people.”